The Mercer County Republican Committee aims to promote the Republican message through strong grassroots organizations — promoting Republican candidates at the federal, state, county and municipal levels.
Voters in Mercer County are responsible for electing five federal office holders. In addition to the presidential election and the two Senate positions there are two Congressional Districts that exist in the county — each of which is represented by one member of the House of Representatives.
Voters from Hamilton Township and Robbinsville reside in the Fourth Congressional District, which also includes 34 municipalities in Monmouth county and parts of eight municipalities in Ocean County. Republican Congressman Chris Smith has represented the Fourth District since 1981.
The remaining municipalities in Mercer County — East Windsor, Ewing, Hightstown, Hopewell Township, Hopewell Borough, Lawrence Township, Pennington, Princeton, Trenton and West Windsor Township — are part of the 12th Congressional District. That district also includes parts of Middlesex, Somerset and Union counties.
At the state level voters in Mercer County are responsible for electing the Governor and Lieutenant Governor (both of whom run on the same ticket). Republican Governor Chris Christie is currently serving the second of two terms while Kim Guadagno, the state's first-ever Lieutenant Governor continues to hold that position. By law the New Jersey governor is limited to two terms and Governor Christie cannot run for re-election in 2017.
Residents of Mercer County live in one of three of New Jersey's 40 legislative districts — the 14th, 15th, and 16th — each of which are represented by one state senator and two members of the New Jersey Assembly.
The 14th District includes East Windsor, Hamilton, Hightstown and Robbinsville as well as Middlesex County municipalities Cranbury, Jamesburg, Monroe, Plainsboro and Spotswood.
Ewing, Hopewell Borough, Hopewell Township, Lawrence, Pennington, Trenton and West Windsor in Mercer County are part of the 15th District along with Hunterdon County municipalities East Amwell, Lambertville, and West Amwell.
Princeton is the only Mercer County municipality in the 16th District, which consists of municipalities in Hunterdon, Middlesex, and Somerset counties. Republican Christopher "Kip" Bateman currently serves as the state senator in the 16th District while Republican Jack Ciattarelli is one of two members of the assembly.
Mercer County has a County Executive form of government, in which the County Executive performs executive functions and a Board of Chosen Freeholders acts in a legislative capacity. The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of seven members, each of whom are elected at-large to serve three-year staggered terms.
In addition to the County Executive and the Board of Chosen Freeholders, there are three other elected offices — the Clerk, the Surrogate, and the Sheriff.
The Clerk files and records all documents concerning real estate ownership and transfer; registers small business trade names, and processes U.S. passport applications; processes and issues County identification cards and notary public applications. The County Clerk also has certain election responsibilities including the counting of votes cast by electronic machines.
The Surrogate presides over the Surrogate Court, a court of limited jurisdiction that amongst other duties is responsible for probating wills. The Court is also a depository for the Intermingled Minors Fund — an account for "friendly settlements", inheritances or benefits of life insurance proceeds for those under 18 years of age. The Surrogate is the custodian of this fund, acting solely at the discretion of New Jersey Superior Court. The Surrogate also has duties with respect to the Superior Court Chancery Division regarding probate and adoption procedures.
The Sheriff is the top county law enforcement officer and is responsible for supervising all aspects of the Sheriff's Office. In addition to providing security at the Civil and Criminal courthouses in Trenton, the office also includes an Emergency Response Team, K-9 unit, a detective bureau and fugitive unit, community education programs, transportation units, various task forces and has an operations center at the Trenton-Mercer Airport in Ewing.
Mercer County consists of twelve municipalities which have several different forms of municipal government. East Windsor Township, Ewing Township, Hamilton Township, Hightstown Borough, Hopewell Borough, Hopewell Township, Lawrence Township, Pennington Borough, Princeton, Robbinsville, the City of Trenton, New Jersey's capital and the county seat, and West Windsor Township comprise a diverse mix of urban, suburban and rural communities; all of which the Committee serves to promote the values of the Republican Party.